What makes a great tutor? That answer is different for everyone, but there are some common teaching methods that can be applied to any subject.
Finding the best tutoring method can be a daunting task. When you’re just getting started, it can feel as if there are thousands of different methods and strategies to choose from. The truth is, not all tutoring methods are created equal. Some methods may work better for certain students than others, so it’s important to find what works for you and your students.
This article will explore teaching strategies and methods used by successful tutors and provide tips for effectively managing your classroom.
Difference between teaching method and strategy
Methods and strategies are two distinct concepts, but both are required to ensure that a class full of students of varying abilities understands the same subject. A method is a process, procedure, or way of doing something or carrying out a plan. Strategy, on the other hand, is a primary objective, set of actions, or plans for achieving one or more goals.
For example, strategy refers to how a teacher creates a year-long plan to complete a specific syllabus, whereas method refers to how that teacher delivers the lecture or which method the teacher chooses to complete a task.
The ideal teaching method is one that promotes student learning the most. Teaching and learning are viewed as two sides of the same coin. The following is a list of teaching methods and strategies that teachers or instructors have implemented.
Effective teaching methods
Tutor focussed method: It is a method in which the tutor serves as the sole expert for the learners or students. They rely on the professional and earn knowledge in order to achieve high grades in final exams or assessments. The tutor-centred method uses the lecture method which requires very minimum involvement of learners during the teaching process.
Student-centered method: The student-centered approach benefits both the tutor and the student. In this teaching method, tutors play a dual role. They act as both students and teachers, learning new things every day while delivering the lesson.
Content-centered method: This method forbids the tutor from changing the content being taught, implying that the content being taught must be impeccable, requiring both the learner and the tutor to fit into the subject without being critical of it.
Engaging method: Both the tutor and the learner benefit from this method. During the class, the tutor is supposed to explain the important points. Many strategies are used in this teaching method, including writing exercises, guess, discussion, problem-based learning, and problem identification.
Lecturing method: One of the most common methods is the lecture method. Tutors choose a topic and explain the basic concepts, events, and factual information, as well as clarify the subject or topic with case studies. This method is used when dealing with a large class. The tutor is very important in this method for the class.
Discussion method: The discussion method is a two-way communication method in which students listen to and exchange ideas with their tutor. This teaching method necessitates the use of a highly skilled tutor who can teach disciplined group discussion techniques as well as clarify the concept. This method makes use of the student’s knowledge, expertise, and artistry. At the end of the discussion, the tutor corrects any errors and clarifies any disputed concepts.
The assessment method: This teaching method encourages active learning. Before the class begins, the tutor assigns a task to each student. This type of teaching technique improves students’ research skills, and the discussion portion of the classroom helps tutors and students recognise each other’s points of view.
The instruction method: This method, also known as online tutoring, necessitates a greater investment of money and time than other tutoring methods. This teaching method is user-friendly in that students can skip or resume the lesson at any time, leave the tutorial in between, or access it whenever they want to learn. People who use such methods are aware of the safety and team spirit of both students and readers.
Workshop method: The workshop method is one of the most expensive methods of instruction. Using this method, tutors assign projects to groups of students and ask them to share information gained during the project’s completion. The workshop must be organised by highly qualified tutors who will also evaluate the project.
The demo method: In this method, the tutor must demonstrate the concept in order for the students to grasp it fully and clearly. Only when the instructor explains why, how, where, what, and when can this teaching method be recommended. It will save time and help the students perform correctly if a reasonably skilled teacher chooses the method and practises it thoroughly before teaching. In most laboratories, the demonstration teaching method is used.
Direct method: The tutors and students communicate directly in the direct teaching method. This method of instruction is commonly used in schools and institutions. The direct technique eliminates the communication gap that exists between teachers and their students. The method emphasises immediate teaching in which students are allowed to ask questions or make suggestions within a time limit.
Online teaching: Online teaching is one of the most adaptable methods of instruction. This method can provide a flexible time scale that is irrelevant to time and place. Emails or other forms of digital communication can be used by both the student and the tutor to communicate with one another. Students can listen to and understand the recorded online classes later. Online tutors each have their own method of teaching concepts within a set time frame. Job holders use this method to learn in their spare time in order to achieve their goals without changing jobs.
Independent learning method: Some tutors use this method because it improves the student’s self-learning or self-study abilities. Tutors assign the same assessment to each student to practise at home on their own, and the assessments are graded by teachers the following day.
Effective teaching strategies
Manage your classroom: One of the most effective teaching strategies is classroom management. Classroom management is just as important as classroom decorum. Classroom management has its own set of techniques for engaging students. The tutor must inform the entire class of the class management rules in terms of dos and don’ts.
Celebrate victory: Another effective teaching strategy is to acknowledge and celebrate accomplishments. A tutor must give students rewards for their accomplishments in order to keep the class motivated to learn and improve. The consequences of celebrating success have a significant impact on a student’s life. This strategy is frequently used by primary or secondary school student tutors to motivate students.
Pupil’s interest: Focusing on students’ interests allows tutors to better understand their students’ personalities and, as a result, implement an effective teaching method. In addition, the tutor must provide constructive feedback on what they have done and where they need to improve. This strategy improves the learning environment by strengthening the bond between the tutor and the student.
Distinguished guidelines: The tutor assigns the task to each student based on their ability and interests in this strategy. Students with academic skills will be assigned tasks that match their calibre, allowing weak students to receive appropriate assistance.
Customized education: Teachers should place an overabundance of emphasis on personalised learning strategies. Once students have learned their material, they should go over it again. Sometimes, students’ questions go unanswered, causing all students to struggle with their studies. Teachers should assign tasks to each student based on their learning ability and learning style. This teaching strategy will assist students in developing the skills of dependability, inspiration, self-learning, identity, and self-reflection.
Peer teaching strategy: Peer teaching has benefits and drawbacks, but it is worth pursuing a principled classroom environment because it builds student confidence and improves communication skills.
Response to intervention: This strategy is used to determine the students’ learning and psychosocial needs. Teachers should begin the intervention process early in each class because the earlier a teacher grasps RTI strategies, the easier it will be to implement a more effective teaching method.
Project-based learning: It is critical to promote project-based learning in groups in order to increase student engagement. Because each student’s learning style and ability differ, teachers should carefully and selectively group the students.
Humor: Dry lectures quickly bore students and cause them to lose interest in the class. As a result, one of the most important teaching strategies is the use of humour. A little humour never hurts, but tutors must be resourceful in getting the class back to the lessons after the fun. A welcoming and comfortable classroom environment attracts students’ attention, resulting in improved comprehension and active learning.
Gamification: Gamification increases student engagement and interaction in the classroom. Because class Gamification develops and enhances essential skills, play and learn techniques should be on every tutor’s tutoring method list.
Problem-based learning: It is one of the most important teaching strategies that a tutor should employ. Before the class, a list of problem-based queries should be prepared, and students should be asked to solve them in groups. This technique aids in the development and improvement of students’ transferable and teamwork skills.
Digital Education: Students can use digital literacy to critically think about and discuss changes and improvements. Tutors should implement media literacy activities to encourage students’ creativity.
Illustration: Incorporating visualisation into the classroom is the most advanced teaching strategy that institutions and teachers can employ to help students understand textbook subject matter through visual content and real-world examples. It allows students to travel around the world while sitting in their classrooms.
Attitude management: Teachers should be properly recognised for their behaviour management teaching strategy. This strategy should be strictly enforced by teachers because a disrupted classroom cannot focus on promoting productive learning. Students should be rewarded by their institutions or teachers based on their behaviour in class and overall interaction with their teachers and classmates.
Professional advancement: Teachers should attend professional seminars and workshops and interact with people in the same field to stay highly motivated. Teachers will be kept up to date on new educational tools, techniques, methodologies, and practices.
With so many different methods and strategies out there for tutors, it can be hard to find a way that works best for you. In this guide, we’ve provided some of the most effective teaching methods and strategies currently available. Whether you’re just starting out as an independent tutor or have years of experience under your belt, there is something on this list for everyone.
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